Hindu Calendar 2023: Hindu Festivals, Holidays & Vrats 2023

 

Hindu Calendar 2023: Hindu Festivals, Holidays & Vrats 2023

The Hindu calendar enlists a list of festivals, events, and fasts that occurs during the year. Most of these festivals get determined depending on the placement of the Sun and the Moon. The Hindu calendar 2023 mostly depends on the Lunisolar calendar. Furthermore, the Hindu festivals 2023 and vrats are also determined on the basis of the location. Thus, they might vary from one place to another.

The Hindu calendar is also known as the Hindu Vrat or Tyohar calendar. Below we have listed all the festivals, Vrats, and other events or Parv as per the Hindu calendar 2023. Some of these Tyohar include significant fasts to praise the deities, while many involve mythological connections with it.

Ahead, the Hindu calendar doesn’t have the festivals and occasions on a fixed date. However, it never applies to all festivals, occasions, or vrats. In the Hindu calendar 2023, festivals depend on the occurrence of the Full Moon. On the other hand, some festivals vary depending on the changes in the Moon’s state, like Diwali, Holi, Maha Shivaratri, etc.

        


The Hindu months in the calendar

In the Hindu calendar, the year gets counted from the Saka Era. In the calendar, one Saka marks the start of the vernal equinox. The normal days possess 365 days, while leap years have 366 days. In the Hindu calendar, an intercalary day gets added at the end of the month Chaitra. To find out the leap years in the Hindu calendar, you need to add 78 to the Saka year. So, if the sum gets evenly divided by the number 4, the year turns out to be a leap year.


Serial NoMonths Name in EnglishMonths Name in Hindiसंक्षिप्त नामNo of Days in this Month
1JanuaryजनवरीJan31
2Februaryफ़रवरीFeb28/29
3Marchमार्चMar31
4Aprilअप्रैलApr30
5MayमईMay31
6JuneजूनJun30
7JulyजुलाईJul31
8Augustअगस्तAug31
9SeptemberसितंबरSep30
10Octoberअक्टूबरOct31
11NovemberनवंबरNov30
12DecemberदिसंबरDec31


   

Features about Hindu Calendar

The main features of Hindu calendar are:

  1. This is a multi-dimensional calendar which means it offers a multi–dimensional way of structuring time, combining information about lunar days, solar days, lunar months, and solar months also the movement of the Sun and the Moon in relation to the settler constellation.
  2.  It consists of 12 lunar months as well as 12 solar months.
    Lunar MonthsSolar (civil) Months
    ChaitraMīna
    VaisakhaMeṣa
    JyeshthaVṛṣabha
    AshadhaMithuna
    ShraavanaKarkaṭa
    BhadraSiṃha
    AshvinKanyā
    KartikTulā
    AgahanaVṛścika
    PaushaDhanu
    MaghaMakara
    PhalgunaKumbha
  3. Seasons within the Hindu (Hindi) calendarThe year starts with a New Moon before the Sun enters the Zodiac sign of Aries (Meṣa).
  4. The Hindu calendar also tracks some more astronomical time spans like Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana.
  5. The dates of many Hindu holidays are determined according to the lunisolar calendar which means that the festivals coincide with the Full Moon or a New Moon.
Seasons(Ritu)Months as per Hindu CalendarMonths (Georgian Calendar/English)
Vasanta (Spring)Chaitra – VaisakhaMarch-April
Grishma (Summer)Jyeshtha – AshadhaMay – June
Varsha (Monsoon/Rainy)Shravana – BhadraJuly – August
Sharada (Late Monsoon/Autumn)Ashvin – KartikSeptember – October
Hemanta (Early Winter)Margashirsha (Agrahayana) – PaushaNovember – December
Shishira (Winter)Magha – PhalgunaJanuary – February

Differences between Hindu and English Calendar

Below are the main difference between the Hindu and English calendar:

English CalendarHindu Calendar
The Gregorian calendar (English Calendar) is based on the earth’s revolution around the sun. The Hindu calendar is based on the Moon’s revolution around the earth. 
In this calendar, each month out of 12 months has 30 or 31 days except the month of February. February has 28 days normally. Every leap year Feb has 29 days.Whereas here there are only 30 days in every month. They add an extra full month after every 32-33 months by complex rules to cover the gap of previous days which is known as “Adhik Maas” or “Purushottam Maas”
According to this calendar, the year starts on 1 JanuaryThe Hindu calendar begins in Chaitra (March-April). 
The name of the months according to this calendar are January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December. Here the names are Chaitra, Vaisakha, Jyaistha, Asadha, Shravana, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartika, Mārgasirsa (Agrahayana), Pausha, Magha, and Phalguna. 
As per this calendar, there are four seasons; summer, spring, winter, and autumn.Whereas here there are six seasons; Vasant Ritu (spring), Greeshma (summer), Varsha (monsoon), Sharad (autumn or late monsoon), Hemant (early winter), and Shishira (winter season) 
In this Calendar, the whole day is divided into 24 hours with 60 minutes in each hour. Whereas according to this calendar the day is divided into 15 muhurtas, each of which has 48 minutes and the night is similarly divided. 
In the Gregorian calendar, the days of the week are named after Roman gods, as well as the sun and moon. In the Hindu calendar, each week has seven days and those are named for Hindu deities. Each day also corresponds with a separate planet.

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